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چگونه دو لینک موازی را در میکروتیک با هم تجمیع کنیم

وقتی اینترفیس شما پهنایباند موردنظر را نمیتواند تامین کند میتوان دو یا چند اینترفیس را با هم ترانک کرد. در میکروتیک این کار را با Bonding میتوانیم انجام دهیم. این قابلیت بیشتر برای backbone شبکه که احتیاج به پهنای باند بالا دارد و یا زمانی که لینک وایرلس بین دو LAN مجزا وجود دارد و نمیتواند پهنایباند مورد نظر ما را تامین کند استفاده میشود. بگونهای که یک لینک موازی با لینک اولیه میزنیم و از پهنایباند تامین شده از هر دو استفاده میکنیم.

روش انجام این کار به این صورت است که: در winbox سربرگ Interfaces تب Bonding یک New Interface اضافه میکنیم. در پنجره New Interface تب Bonding تمام اینترفیسهایی که نیاز هست را در گزینه Slave اضافه میکنیم.

Bonding Modes


balance-rr:
Round-robin policy: Transmit packets in sequential order from the first available slave through the last. This mode provides load balancing and fault tolerance.

active-backup:
Active-backup policy: Only one slave in the bond is active. A different slave becomes active if, and only if, the active slave fails. The bond's MAC address is externally visible on only one port (network adapter) to avoid confusing the switch. This mode provides fault tolerance. The primary option affects the behavior of this mode.

balance-xor:
XOR policy: Transmit based on [(source MAC address XOR'd with destination MAC address) modulo slave count]. This selects the same slave for each destination MAC address. This mode provides load balancing and fault tolerance.

broadcast:
Broadcast policy: transmits everything on all slave interfaces. This mode provides fault tolerance.

802.3ad:
IEEE 802.3ad Dynamic link aggregation. Creates aggregation groups that share the same speed and duplex settings. Utilizes all slaves in the active aggregator according to the 802.3ad specification.

balance-tlb:
Adaptive transmit load balancing: channel bonding that does not require any special switch support. The outgoing traffic is distributed according to the current load (computed relative to the speed) on each slave. Incoming traffic is received by the current slave. If the receiving slave fails, another slave takes over the MAC address of the failed receiving slave.

balance-alb:
Adaptive load balancing: includes balance-tlb plus receive load balancing (rlb) for IPV4 traffic, and does not require any special switch support. The receive load balancing is achieved by ARP negotiation. The bonding driver intercepts the ARP Replies sent by the local system on their way out and overwrites the source hardware address with the unique hardware address of one of the slaves in the bond such that different peers use different hardware addresses for the server.

+ نوشته شده در  جمعه 1389/10/24ساعت 18:54  توسط وحید شهبازیان  |